Swiss Model of Democracy is the best example for other countries in terms of the political system. Swiss citizens who have an age of 18 and over can vote on how the country is run. Direct democracy allows the voters to express their opinion on decisions taken by the federal parliament and to propose amendments to the Federal Constitution. Swiss citizens can express their thoughts with the help of three referenda such as popular initiative, optional referendum, and mandatory referendum. Here we are explaining three Referendum which helps you in understanding.
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The three Referendum of Swiss Model of Democracy
Popular Initiative gives a right to swiss citizens to propose an amendment or addition to the Constitution. It conducts a political debate on a specific issue. In this initiative, a signature of 100,000 voters who agree with the proposal must be collected within 18 months. Sometime, authorities may also organize direct counter with peoples instead of a result.
Optional Initiative gives the right to swiss citizens to demand a national wide vote before passing any bill approved by the Federal Assembly. In this referendum, a valid signature of 50,000 citizens required who supports the proposal within 100 days.
Constitutional amendments that are passed by parliament are known as mandatory Referendum. For passing a mandatory referendum, the authorities will conduct worldwide voting.
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