Mass Education: Can It Influence An Overall Change In India?


Is Mass Education The Silver Bullet India Needs?

“Educate and raise the masses, and thus alone a nation is possible,” said Swami Vivekananda. The patron saint of India, religious leader, and educationist strongly believed that the country’s progress depended on mass education.

Swami Vivekananda’s visionary thinking came at a time when society was static with no futuristic vision for generations. As new generations bloomed and decayed, nothing substantial was done to improve the state of things. However, Swami Vivekananda emphasised that mass education will give everyone an equal opportunity. He believed that mass education would allow people to contribute to social and cultural change.

A visionary as great as Swami Vivekananda cannot be wrong. Perhaps mass education is what India really needs. We need education to equip people with life skills to be self-dependent and survive against all odds. Currently, schools are embracing high-quality education that teaches children a lot more than mere textbook lessons. The best CBSE schools in Chennai like Babaji Vidhayashram School believe that quality education is the only answer to our nation’s overall development.

Education is the only mantra to help close the yawning developmental gaps between countries. Let’s put India under the microscope. We have incredible manpower and natural resources to give other nations a run for their money. Yet, India is still categorised as a “developing nation”, despite everything we are blessed with. India indeed needs to invest more in education. It is the only trigger that can disrupt age-old social and family dynamics that hinder our progress.

The prime objectives of imparting mass education in India is to:

  • Provide educational opportunities and impart basic literacy to non-literates between 9 to 35 years.
  • Provide equal educational facilities to both literates and non-literates
  • To facilitate life-long education and create a learning society
  • Teach important life skills and provide adequate information for people to perform their work effectively

Mass Education & Its Impact On Societal Development

Mass education is a broad concept. It is more about imbuing literacy and social education. Mass education is not confined to the realms of schooling. The prime objective is to impart education to wipe out illiteracy from society and open the doors to societal development.

What really happens when a child goes to school? The impact of education is far deeper than what we imagine. According to Jack Caldwell, the legendary demographer, education brings about the following changes when a child goes to school:

  • Makes the child unavailable for domestic work
  • Raises the societal value of the child
  • Speeds up cultural and social changes
  • Introduces middle-class values

These are aspects that all educational institutions, especially IGCSE schools in Chennai like International Village School, will agree with. Of course, education also increases the cost of raising a child. But that topic is a discussion for another day.

There is no denying that education causes seismic shifts and restructures family wealth. Caldwell observes that prior to educating children, families simply passed on their ancestral wealth to the extended families. However, educated children are more astute. They make it a point to channelise family wealth directly to themselves.

What happens when children receive their fair share of family wealth? They:

  • Become more educated and productive
  • Strive to earn more and invest more in their children
  • Pass on the progressive cycle to the next generation
  • Contribute to periods of economic growth

Investing in mass education can never go wrong. Our very own “God’s own country” Kerala serves as a great example to understand the impact of mass education. In fact, education is also a major contributor to improvements in public health. The educated public is now better able to understand and follow health-related information.

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Education should be a top priority for all countries struggling to catch up to developed nations. What should developing nations do to pursue mass education? Here are some pointers.

Educational Policies To Impart Mass Education In Developing Nations

Prioritising education in developing countries is no walk in the park. It requires solid planning with practically feasible policies and programmes that must consider the following:

  • Ensuring 100% secondary school enrolment for all boys and girls irrespective of household income
  • Increasing  per capita expenses for education to the highest levels achieved by other nations
  • Legislating mandatory secondary school attendance with penalties for non-compliant students
  • Providing 100% internet access for all school students
  • Ensuring equal access to educational information and career opportunities  for all students irrespective of the financial status
  • Ensuring equal quality of education for children from high and low-income groups.
  • Rewarding and encouraging children from low-income groups with tax gains or transfer systems for regular school attendance

The Bottom Line

It goes without saying that education is linked with society’s socio-economic requirements. Presently, our Indian education system focuses largely on individual material gains.

It should be restructured so that non-material benefits reach all community levels in an integrated fashion. Done well, mass education could undoubtedly be the single-most potent force for human progress and overall development in India.

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