World Braille Day celebrates the birth of Louis Braille, the founder of a literacy program used by millions of blind and partially sighted people worldwide.
While it is not a public holiday in any country, World Day of the Blind provides an opportunity for teachers, charities and non-governmental organizations to raise awareness of the problems facing the blind and the importance of continuing to produce Braille works, giving the blind access to equal learning and learning opportunities.
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Louis Braille, the founder of braille, was born in France on January 4, 1809. Blinded by both eyes in an accident at a young age, Braille nevertheless managed to cope with his disability at a young age. Although he was totally blind, he did very well in his studies and received a scholarship from the Royal Institute for Blind Youth in France.
During his studies, inspired by the military drafting of Charles Barbier’s French Army manuscript, he developed a compact code system that would allow blind people to read and write quickly and effectively. Braille presented the results of her hard work with her peers for the first time in 1824 when she was only fifteen years old. In 1829, he published his first book on a series of works, entitled “Method of Writing Words, Music, and Plain Songs by Means of Dots, for Use by the Blind and Arranged for Them”.
The braille system works by representing the letters of the alphabet (and numbers) in a series of 6 dots connected by 3 lines. The simplicity of his ideas allowed books to be produced in such a large way that thousands of blind people could read them by tapping their fingers on the dots. As a result, blind students have the opportunity to be taught along with their peers and read for fun as easily as anyone can see.
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Although braille is unbelievable, and as it provides blind and partially sighted people, braille books must remain within the country where they are produced due to international copyright laws. Because braille books cannot be restricted, the blind cannot read any of the books that can be produced in their country. Unfortunately, currently, only 5% of all published material is produced in affordable ways, which means that less than 10% of all blind children in developing countries go to school due to a lack or lack of teaching materials.
The Marrakesh Convention is the name of an international agreement concluded in June 2013 that could allow for the copyright of published works to be made more widely available in easily accessible formats. The implementation of the Marrakesh Agreement will allow blind organizations to share their resources with other organizations in developing countries that may not have the resources to produce for their blind citizens.
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After that, schools for the blind in rich countries will be able to send textbooks to schools in poorer countries so blind children who cannot afford to buy braille books will still be able to get the books needed to finish school. For example, the Spanish ONCE (Organización Nacional de Ciegos Españoles, or the Spanish Foundation for the Blind) can make their braille library available to blinding organizations in all Spanish-speaking countries in South America, thus saving on the cost of producing the same national publications. each different.
However, these resources can only be shared if the agreement becomes legal in all countries around the world.
This coming World Braille Day, celebrate the success of Louis Braille and help millions of blind and partially sighted people everywhere by writing a letter representing your government encouraging them to make this agreement a reality.
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