International Day For Abolition Of Slavery

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According to the International Labor Organization (ILO), more than 40 million people worldwide are victims of modern-day Abolition Of Slavery. Although modern slavery is not defined in law, it is used as an umbrella term for practices such as forced labour, debt bondage, forced marriage, and human trafficking. In essence, it refers to cases of exploitation that a person cannot refuse or give up because of threats, violence, coercion, deception, and/or abuse of power.

In addition, more than 150 million children are involved in child labour, which accounts for about 1 in 10 children worldwide.

The International Labor Organization has adopted a new legally binding Protocol designed to strengthen global efforts to eliminate forced labour, which came into effect in November 2016.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Background

The International Day for the Elimination Abolition Of Slavery, December 2, marks the day of adoption, by the General Assembly, of the United Nations Convention for the Suppression of Traffic in Persons and of the Exploration of the Prostitution of Others.

The day focuses on the abolition of modern forms of slavery, such as human trafficking, sexual exploitation, the worst forms of child labour, forced marriage, and the forced labour of children to be used in armed conflict.

Main Forms Of Modern Slavery

Slavery has manifested itself in various ways throughout history. Today some traditional forms of slavery continue in their former forms, and some have been replaced by new ones. UN human rights bodies have documented the persistence of the ancient forms of slavery embedded in traditional beliefs and practices. These forms of slavery are the result of long-standing discrimination against marginalized groups in society, such as those perceived as inferior, minority, and indigenous.

Forced Labour

Along with the traditional forms of forced labour, such as forced labour and debt bondage, there are now temporary forms of forced labour, such as immigrant workers, trafficked for economic exploitation of all kinds in the national economy: working in the domestic slave, construction industry, food and clothing industry, agriculture and prostitution.

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Child Labour

Worldwide, 1 child in 10 works. Much of the child labour that is taking place today is economic exploitation. That is in stark contrast to the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which recognizes that “the right of the child to protection from economic exploitation and to the practice of any kind of work that is harmful or disruptive to the child’s education, or to the child’s health. ”

Trafficking

According to the Protocol to Prevent, Eliminate and Punish Trafficking in Persons Especially Women and Children, human trafficking means the employment, transfer, transfer, detention or acceptance of persons, through intimidation or the use of force or other means to enforce the purpose of exploitation. Slavery includes the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, coercion or services, slavery or practices such as slavery, servitude or mutilation. The victim’s consent to abuse is not valid and if the victim is a child, it is a crime even without the use of force.

The most recent international effort to tackle this crime at the international level is the Protocol to Prevent, Prevent and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, in support of the UN Convention to Combat Organized Crime which came into effect on 25 December 2003. Trafficking in Persons Protocol, an internationally recognized definition of human trafficking. It speaks of human trafficking as a crime that includes all forms of exploitation and all forms of victims, which seeks to promote greater criminal justice, as well as the protection and enforcement of victims’ rights. The Trafficking in Persons Protocol is committed to ensuring that the State combats human trafficking, prosecutes perpetrators, protects and assists victims of trafficking and promotes international cooperation to achieve those goals. To date, 158 countries are part of the Trafficking in Persons Protocol.

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