Medical advances today have gifted new effective treatment pathways to fight cancer. While these therapies are life-saving, they sometimes come with a cost. These are generally referred to as side effects or adverse reactions. Studies suggest two out of three people on cancer therapy experience noticeable and negative effects on skin, scalp, and nails, which in turn, can truly take a toll on one’s quality of life. Most of these Common skin-related conditions are minor and may resolve on their own, while on the other hand, some rarely can be progressively symptomatic, permanently lasting, or
potentially life-threatening. They can hinder the cancer treatment progress and sometimes can lead to the stoppage of treatment as well. People on cancer therapy are also at an increased risk of developing skin infections and allergies owing to altered immunity and chronic debility.
Contributed by Dr. Chaitra Prakash, Consultant Dermatologist, HCG Cancer Hospital Bengaluru
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Nearly all cancer treatments, including chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiation therapy, and bone marrow transplantation have the potential to cause skin reactions which can vary depending on the type and length of treatment. Individual patients may react differently to treatments.
Oncodermatology is an evolving field of medicine, focused on providing timely and efficient access to skincare for people with cancer during and after therapy. This relatively unfamiliar subspeciality aims to address the many different skin-related concerns and the care that is needed to improve the quality of life in those diagnosed with cancer while also helping them to continue with their life-saving treatments.
Common skin symptoms during cancer treatment
Excessive skin dryness, itching, and rashes
Burning and skin peeling
Fragile nails and painful fingertips
Swelling and blisters in hands and feet
Intolerance to sunlight
Skin discoloration and hardening
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What to expect when you experience a skin symptom?
Before you begin treatment, talk to your doctor about the possible side effects of your treatment and inform the previous allergies to medicines, if any. You may wish to consult a dermatologist if you have a pre-existing skin condition to take advice on appropriate care during cancer therapy to prevent worsening.
Lower-grade skin-related adverse effects can be managed at home with the help of your treating doctor’s advice and supportive medications. For more advanced and severe episodes, although uncommon, one may require hospitalization, detailed workup, temporary interruption in cancer therapy, and occasionally, intensive care.
Ways to cope with skin changes during cancer treatment
Skin changes can be a part of cancer therapy. Practicing good skincare can reduce discomfort and improve treatment outcomes. Caring for your skin by moisturizing regularly is beneficial, especially in the elderly and people with a history of dry skin conditions like eczema or psoriasis.
Skin must be protected from harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun as it may increase one’s risk for light sensitivity as well as skin cancers. Experts recommend wearing protective clothing and use of broad-spectrum sunscreen lotions during the day. While on treatment, regularly self-examine for new skin changes that may occur and let your doctor know about your symptoms at the first notice and get advice on how to manage.
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