Which are the Most Popular UPSC Optional Subjects? | Complete List Of UPSC Optional Subjects

UPSC Optional Subjects

List Of UPSC Optional Subjects | UPSC exam is one most reputed and valuable exams in India. Candidates who select in this exam get post of IAS (Indian Administration Service) , IPS ( Indian Police Service), IFS ( Indian Foreign Service) and more.

The UPSC exam conducted in in 3 tier ( Prelims, Main Exam, Interview). So the mains exam is the most important becausse it is contain 1750 Marks. In Mains exam candidate have to select 2 optional subjects.

UPSC provide list of optional subjects, so this is very important to decide 2 optional subjects for you. In UPSC exam Prelims exam is common for every one.

Complete List Of UPSC Optional Subjects

  1. Anthropology

  2. Botany

  3. Chemistry

  4. Civil Engineering

  5. Commerce and Accountancy

  6. Economics

  7. Electrical Engineering

  8. Geography

  9. Geology

  10. History

  11. Law

  12. Management

  13. Mathematics

  14. Mechanical Engineering

  15. Medical Science

  16. Philosophy

  17. Physics

  18. Political Science and International Relations

  19. Psychology

  20. Public Administration

  21. Sociology

  22. Statistics

  23. Zoology

  24. Literature of anyone the following language: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, English.

  26. Agriculture

26. Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science

Which are the Most Popular UPSC Optional Subjects?

According to analysis and data it is given that History, Geography, Public Administration and Sociology are most popular subjects.

The reason behind these subjects popularity may be this that these subjects are also important in prelims and Mains.

UPSC Prelim and Mains Exam Paper Pattern

Prelim exam:

The Preliminary Exam consists of two objective type papers (multiple-choice questions) for a total of 400 marks. Each paper has 200 marks each and two hours allotted. However, blind candidates would be provided an extra 20 minutes for each paper.

Mains Exam:

The main examination will have the 2 qualifying papers and 7 papers to be counted for merit. All the 9 papers will have essay-type questions.

Qualifying papers

Paper A (300 marks) – One of the Indian Language to be selected by the candidate from the languages included in the 8th Schedule to the Constitution

Paper B (300 marks) – English

Papers to be counted for merit:


Paper – I


250 Marks

Paper – II

General Studies – I
(Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World & Society)

250 Marks

Paper – III

General Studies – II
(Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)

250 Marks

Paper – IV

General Studies – III
(Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security & Disaster Management)

250 Marks

Paper – V

General Studies – IV
(Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)

250 Marks

Paper – VI

Optional Subject – Paper 1

250 Marks

Paper – VII

Optional Subject – Paper 2

250 Marks

Sub Total (Written test)

1750 Marks

Personality Test

275 Marks

Grand Total

2025 Marks



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